Low-Cost DNN Hardware Accelerator for Wearable, High-Quality Cardiac Arrythmia Detection
Johnson Loh, Jianan Wen and Tobias Gemmeke
RWTH Aachen University, Germany
This work implements a digital signal processing (DSP) accelerator for ECG signal classification. Targeting the integration into wearable devices for 24/7 monitoring, low energy consumption per classification is a key requirement, while maintaining a high classification accuracy at the same time. Co-optimization on algorithm and hardware level led to an architecture consisting mostly of convolution operations in the processing pipeline. The realized discrete wavelet transform and convolutional neural network (CNN) is utilized for continuous time-sequence classification in a sliding-window approach moving away from sample/batch-based processing typical for CNNs. In contrast to previous hardware realizations in this domain, the proposed design was validated using the benchmark dataset from the demanding CinC challenge 2017. The architecture achieves a competitive 0.781 F1-score with only 5597 trainable parameters reducing the computational complexity of state-of-the-art ECGDNN software solutions by three orders of magnitude. Synthesis in a 22-nm FDSOI-CMOS technology features 0.783 µJ per solution meeting requirements for edge device operation at highend classification performance.